EMILY HOAD

 

 

 

Emily Hoad, Marine Biologist and Oceanographer Seaford Head, English Channel

 

OCEAN EXPERT - On all things ocean, Emily Hoad is helping the Cleaner Ocean Foundation fine tune SeaVax for eventual development in the English Channel before launching onto the the international stage with free licenses to partners worldwide as part of a World Ocean Anti-plastic Alliance (WOAA). Emily graduated with a first in her masters report on White shark behaviour, and a 2:1 overall in Marine Biology from the University of Southampton. She said: "It’s been an incredible four years and I’m 
excited for the next chapter!"

 

 

ABOUT EMILY

 

Emily Hoad is a Marine Biologist and Oceanographer, bringing her considerable expertise to the SeaVax project with a dedicated study of the state of the art instrumentation that could be incorporated in a production SeaVax, also including higher end sensors for research and development purposes. She is working with the designers of the ocean cleaning craft to help improve the efficiency of the collection of marine plastic. Her mission is to define the objectives, help the engineers refine the existing filtration stages and improve and develop future feedback loops, so that SeaVax is able to read the ocean and tune itself to the plastic particles in the water, in the process identifying and bypassing marine life.

 

This is a gigantic undertaking for any organisation, but by applying her expertise as part of a team effort, and with equal enthusiasm from all the project members, Emily hopes to help the Foundation move the project on from the conceptual and development stages to the open sea as a prototype.

 

 

 

NETS - Fishing nets that are trapped on these beach timbers may look in keeping with this shoreline, but those nets soon break down into micro particles that will enter our food chain. Copyright © photographs, 31 July 2018. All rights reserved, Cleaner Ocean Foundation Ltd.

 

 

EMILY'S RESEARCH >>>>

 

BACKGROUND 

The current state of microplastic pollution has been globally recognized as having reached a critical pinnacle. In 2010, 12 million metric tonnes of plastic were estimated to be present in the ocean, with an addition of 8 million metric tonnes being inputted per annum. Of this, 236 thousand tonnes are composed of microplastics; defined as being less than 5mm.

Microplastics bear similarity in size and motility to marine microbiota known as plankton and the presence of these microorganisms is essential to total ecosystem functioning. Fundamentally, they are composed of two separate taxa, namely phytoplankton and zooplankton. Phytoplankton are the basis of all marine pelagic foodwebs, where solar energy is harnessed and converted into a primary organic energy source. Then the zooplankton, as primary consumers of the phytoplankton, are responsible for the initial transfer of primary energy to successive higher trophic levels. 

The amount of ocean plastic is set to increase by a factor of 10 by 2020 and by 2050, it is predicted that at the current rate of input and accumulation, there will be more plastic in the ocean than fish (by dry mass).

Whilst marine plastic is prevalent in surface waters, specifically 0 – 2.5m, traces have been found at depths of 11km below sea surface level (henceforth abbreviated to SSL), meaning synthetic polymers are contaminating even the most remote regions of Earth.

Sources of marine microplastic are either primary: derived from many popular daily use cosmetics (one bottle of facial exfoliant alone contains around 300,000 microbeads) or secondary; present from the degradation of macroplastics via ultraviolet radiation and mechanical weathering.

THE PROBLEM

Many marine organisms cannot distinguish plastic from food and often starve by the accumulation of non-digestible plastic in the gastric system.

The Great Pacific Gyre has the largest aggregation of plastics and it is estimated that 80% of seabirds feeding here have ingested plastic; other marine animals having 74% [dry mass] plastic debris-composed diets.

Toxin accumulation is occurring through successive trophic level transfer in marine food webs. With fish being the primary protein source for 16% of the global population, it means that microplastics are prevalent in many human diets. For example, one 6-oyster serving, it is estimated 50 particles of microplastic will be heedlessly consumed.

Components of plastics are carcinogenic. For example, vinyl chloride, the major component of the common plastic PVC, is a known human carcinogen.

THE SOLUTION

Tackling the problem from the source, which ultimately involves removing microplastics from the ocean without harming the extant biology.

SeaVax will be a fully autonomous machine that has the ability to differentiate and separate marine biota from man-made polymer. It will collect micro to macro sized plastic via non-invasive ocean filtration with minimal –ve impact for maximal +ve effect.

 

 

Emily Hoad, marine biologist and oceanographer, Seaford Head, English Channel

 

CHALK CLIFFS - The famous cliffs on the south coast of England looking across to France. This secluded beach, leading up the the Seaford Head nature reserve looked free of plastic waste, but on closer inspection, even here we found several familiar single use plastic bottles. Copyright © photographs, 31 July 2018. All rights reserved, Cleaner Ocean Foundation Ltd and Emily Hoad.

 

 

Coca Cola PET plastic coke bottle 

 

ASDA supermarkets lemonade PET plastic bottle  Nivea plastic bottle Exceat beach English Channel

 

PLASTIC BOTTLES - All the usual culprits. We spotted these household names on the beach at Exceat near Seaford Head on the south coast of England. Companies who sell goods in plastic containers could offset their plastic footprints by contributing to our ocean research. Copyright © photographs, 31 July 2018. All rights reserved, Cleaner Ocean Foundation Ltd.

 

 

 

EMILY ON LINKEDIN - Emily was born in Hong Kong with 14 years expatriate upbringing in Dubai, U.A.E. She Recently (July 2018) graduated with BSc double honours in Marine Sciences.

 

EDUCATION - University of Southampton, Degree Name Bachelor of Science - BS

Field Of Study Marine Biology and Oceanography. Dates attended or expected graduation 2015 – 2018

Activities and Societies: Southampton University Marine Conservation Society, Southampton University National Oceanography Centre Society, Southampton University Wakeboarding Society, Southampton University Kitesurfing Society, Southampton University Ski and Snowboard Society Southampton University Sub-Aqua Society, Southampton University Surfing Society Southampton University Skateboarding Society.


Dubai College, Degree Name GCSE

Field Of Study A-Levels: Biology, Geography, French & Art. Dates attended or expected graduation 2007 – 2014

Activities and Societies: Clarinet Choir, Competitive Swim Squad, Netball Squad, Intermediate Band, Senior Choir, Breakdance, Scuba Diving Club.


Roedean School, Brighton - Grade AS Level - Dates attended or expected graduation 2012 – 2013

Activities and Societies: Netball Team, Swim Squad, Art and Crafts, Drama Society, French Speaking Club.

 

 

   

 

AQUARIST - In her first year of Marine Biology at Southampton University, Emily travelled to Dubai for the winter holidays and volunteered in the Lost Chambers Aquarium at Atlantis, The Palm, Dubai. For two weeks she was an assistant aquarist, aiding the running and maintenance of both large and small 
exhibits, as well as front of house; building on her previous internship experience.

 

CERTIFICATIONS

Powerboating Level 2

Proficiency In Personal Safety and Social Responsibilities 

Proficiency In Personal Survival Techniques 
Proficiency in Elementary First Aid Rescue

Multilevel Diver 
Clarinet & Bass Clarinet Grade 4

AWARE - Fish Identification Underwater Navigator 

AWARDS

Dubai Community Action Service Award

DoE Gold Award DoE Silver Award

DoE Bronze Award Endeavour Prize 2008 Winner 


COURSES

Food Safety Level 2

Health and Safety Level 2 Primary & Secondary Care 

CPR(BLS)/First Aid - Adult 

LANGUAGES

Arabic, English, French

 

SKILLS

Emergency First Response Instruction
Wakeboarding
Kitesurfing

 

 

REFERENCES

[1] Jambeck, J. R., et al. “Plastic Waste Inputs from Land into the Ocean.” Science, vol. 347, no. 6223, 13 Feb. 2015, pp. 768–771., doi:10.1126/science.1260352.


[2] Erik van Sebille et al 2015 Environ. Res. Lett. 10 124006


[3] https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/great-pacific-garbage-patch/

[4] https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/10/every-minute-one-garbage-truck-of-plastic-is-dumped-into-our-oceans/


[5] https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/how-scientists-plan-to-clean-up-the-plastic-waste-threatening-marine-life-a6820276.html


[6] https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/publications/the-new-plastics-economy-rethinking-the-future-of-plastics-catalysing-action


[7] https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/nov/15/plastics-found-in-stomachs-of-deepest-sea-creatures


[8] Plastic Pollution Primer and Action Toolkit, Earth Day Network, 2018


[9] Lamb, Joleah B., et al. “Plastic Waste Associated with Disease on Coral Reefs.” Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 26 Jan. 2018, science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6374/460.


[10] https://coral.org/coral-reefs-101/coral-reef-ecology/coral-reef-biodiversity/https://www.earthday.org/2018/04/05/fact-sheet-plastics-in-the-ocean/ - _ftnref10


[11] https://www.theoceancleanup.com/updates/how-ocean-plastics-turn-into-a-dangerous-meal/


[12]http://www.onegreenplanet.org/environment/how-plastic-from-our-clothing-is-ending-up-in-fish/


[13] WHO (2014). Global and regional food consumption patterns and trends. [online] Who.int. Available at: http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/3_foodconsumption/en/index5.html


[14] FAO (2017). The State of World Fisheries Aquaculture 2006. [online] Fao.org. Available at: http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/A0699e/A0699E04.htm#4.1.

 

 

 

WHAT FUTURE OUR OCEANS? - The versatility of SeaVax™ is enhanced using a modular approach that helps us to develop these ocean going machines into an economic tool for the long-term prosperity of all fishing nations in the drive for a truly sustainable, circular economy. Copyright © photographs, 31 July 2018. All rights reserved, Cleaner Ocean Foundation Ltd.

 

 

SEAVAX

 

Emily became involved in the SeaVax project in the summer of 2018. She will be helping to develop the filtration mechanism of SeaVax working with computer and instrument technologists to mesh biology with engineering in the quest to clean up our oceans without causing undue harm to marine organisms. Conservation is the name of the game.

 

 

Success is the product of international research collaboration and  great project management

 

LINKS & REFERENCE

 

https://uk.linkedin.com/in/emily-hoad-467404153

https://www.facebook.com/

 

 

Copyright © July 2018 Cleaner Oceans Foundation.